Phong Nha and Thien Duong caves in Quang Binh
*/ Dong Hoi is the capital of the province of Quang Binh in the center of Viet Nam, 500 km south of Hanoi. Population: 130,000 people (2005), the surface of the city: 155.54km². There are beautiful beaches here, with fine sand and clear water. The city can provide perfect services to tourists (the resort (nghi Matte) Sun Spa 4 star Hotel Saigon Quang Binh 3 stars ...) with kitchen marine products.
This city is bestowed with beautiful beach with perfect sand and clean water of Nhat Le and Da Nhay beach, beach Ly Hoa, 60 miles north of the city. The city is located 50 km south of World Heritage - National Park Phong Nha - Ke Bang is ideal for exploring the cave and cave exploration and biological research. The city provides tourists several hotels from 1 to 3 star hotel as Cosevco, Hotel Saigon Quang Binh, and especially the resort 4 star Sun Spa (English: Sun Spa Resort). The kitchen distinguished: maritime products (shrimp, lobster, cuttlefish), stews ... Tour Site: the Phong Nha National Park - Ke Bang - World Heritage (located 50 km northwest of Dong Hoi), beach of Nhat Le, beach ADI Nhay and hot spring Bang.
1/ The history of the city
The site now lasted Dong Hoi in history a questionable territory between Champa and Dai Viet kingdom. This devenit officially the territory of Dai Viet (means "Great Viet") after the political marriage of Princess Huyen Tran Tran dynasty Jaya Sinhavarman III (Vietnamese: Che Man) - the king of Champa. It was a marriage-to-ground as it was traditionally practiced by the kings of Champa Kingdom. Through this marriage, Dai Viet Chau acquired Ô - land now in the provinces of Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue. During Trinh and Nguyen war period (1558 - 1775) that reeled Viet Nam in two countries: Dang Trong (the South) and Dang Ngoai (North) with Gianh river as the boundary line, the Dong Hoi was a fortress important Lords South Nguyen.
The city of Dong Hoi (Vietnamese: Thanh Dong Hoi) was then considered the frontier fortress to protect Nguyen Lords of the attack by the North Trinh family. In the Indochina War (the war between the French and Viet Minh army in 1950), the Dong Hoi air base was used by the French army to attack Viet Minh in Vietnam and Central North Laotian army Pathet Lao in the center and south. During the Vietnam War, the city was badly destroyed by the bombing of American B-52 bombers due to its location near the Demilitarized Zone 17 and parallel between South Vietnam and North Vietnam. This city is also the closest golf Viet Nam (about 40 km from east to west) After the fall of Saigon (the capital of the Republic of Viet Nam South) April 30, 1975, the Province of Quang Binh was merged into the province of Binh Tri Thien (Binh Tri Thien is the shortening of the province of Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien province of). In 1990, Binh Tri Thien was unwound in 3 provinces as they were before, the Dong Hoi then became the capital of the province of Quang Binh.
2/ The caves of Phong Nha - Ke Bang
The caves of Phong Nha is now a picturesque site of Vietnam. During the last war it was used to store weapons to supply the great battles of the South.
They belong to the mountainous chain Ke Bang (Centre) which covers a total area of 10,000km², from north to south of the province of Quang Binh. It is the largest limestone mountain range in Vietnam. This region, high average of 500 to 600 m, was created there are about 250 million years. Over time, the rain has eroded the limestone rocks, where the formation of caves and caverns. With a length of almost 10 km, Phong Nha is striking in its beauty and originality. The caves are a beautiful set where the waters of groundwater flow. A cave stalactites and stalagmites and pillars decorated with remarkable fringes. According to domestic and foreign scientists, Phong Nha is one of three most famous caves in the world.
At the end of the nineteenth century, foreign explorers undertook research there. End 1899, the French missionary Leopold Caddière traveled in a canoe Phong Nha cave where he discovered a new right arm. Other caves and caverns of the limestone mountain range have also been discovered by French and English explorers. Original and mysterious form, this set is a precious gift of nature. In late 1986, the site Phong Nha has been a national cultural monument. The record on this site was submitted to UNESCO so that the whole is recognized world heritage.
The remains of a heroic war
The caves of Phong Nha is not only a tourist attraction, it had served as a shelter for military stewardship during the last war. Weapons and supplies were stored before being sent to the battlefields of the South. Wharfs Xuan Son (A dock) and Nguyen Van Troi (pier B), about 800 m from the entrance of the cave, formed during the years starting points troops north to the southern part of the country.
During this period, the enemy, having discovered this place of assembly of combatants North have carried out heavy bombing in the hope of preventing the supply of arms and forces for revolutionary fighters in the south. The people's militia and guerrillas had the slogan: "The cave is our home, and our landing battlefield". At nightfall, junks, boats, rafts, canoes carrying military equipment and troops came caves down the river towards his forehead.
In 1966, a pontoon bridge was installed on the landing Xuan Son. During the first night, 1,200 vehicles were able to cross the river. The next night, 2,000 others left for the South. Until the reunification of the country.
Today, the Phong Nha cave has become a wonderful tourist site. But few people know that Phong Nha was once a center of the war of liberation, that both fighters have donated their lives to preserve this natural beauty
3/ Thien Duong Cave
Nestled in the bowels of the limestone National Park Phong Nha -Ke Bang, Quang Binh province (Centre). Discovered in 2005, it is considered by experts as one of the most beautiful in the world. Cave Thien Duong (Paradise or cave) is located in Bo Trach district, Quang Binh province, in the scope of the National Park Phong Nha -Ke Bang, UNESCO World Natural Heritage. This dry cave was found in 2005 during an expedition of the British Caving Association, with the help of a local guide. A narrow entrance one person at a time could slip. Impressed by its beauty, British cave explorers have called Paradise
A public paradise
According to measurements made by explorers, this cave as heavenly as its name suggests is 31km long, 30-150m wide and 60-80 m high. The British Caving Association believes that this is one of the largest caves in the world listed.
Compared to other caves, Thien Duong is characterized by very diverse and impressive stalactites and stalagmites shapes, formed there over 400 million years. Some of them are more than five meters in diameter. Just at the entrance of the cave sits a bow stalactites tens of meters wide, and on both sides of magnitiques clusters stalagmites that resemble rice step.
After this discovery, park managers have entrusted Truong Thinh Group 's mission open to tourists. After five years of development, a wooden path 1,000m was installed, along with a lighting system.
Thien Duong Cave became a tourist destination. An underground paradise that gives more value to what this World Heritage National Park Phong Nha -Ke Bang.
Opened to tourists in early October 2010, the cave attracts both domestic and foreign tourists. Some days , the bar is crossed thousand visitors.