Buddhism has become more and more popular hue. Entered in daily life, he lost much of his asceticism (su hanh kho). Tu Phap Pagoda (Four powers of the Doctrine) of Luy Lau mixed worship Buddha with primitive (nguyen thuy) worship Fertility (goddesses of Rain, Clouds, the Lightning, Thunder). This syncretism has given birth to the architecture reserving the front of the Buddhas Pagoda and back to non-Buddhist spirits. In the same building, all kinds of spirits are good company.
Vietnamese Buddhism, predominant Chinese influence (troi the Hon uu), belongs to the Mahayana (Great Vehicle).
The word Buddha (Sanskrit: Awakened) is in the vernacular Purpose (in terms of Sino- Vietnam: Da Phat Phat or, in the language Muong: Duke Goal, Goal cai). Far from being a supernatural being lost in the clouds, Goal lives among the people answered his call, rescues the poor. (Kem nang khieu)
Northern Buddhism (Bac Tong) was provided by Indian and Chinese missionaries. Three steps:
1) The Indian monk Vinaturic in 580; Phap pagoda Vân or Tri Phap. (Luy Lau), 19 generations.
2) The Chinese monk Ngôn Thong Vo (820), Phu Dong Pagoda vilage, 17 generations.
3) The Chinese monk Thao Duong (in 1069), Khai Quoc Pagoda (Thang Long, Hanoi), 6 generations.
These three streams are marked Zen (Thien, Dhyana) but also introduce Amidism (Tinh dô tong = The Pure Land of Amitabha) and Tantra (mast tong). If the Thien is reserved for scholars, Amidism suitable for people who simply go to the temple regularly to repeat the name of A di dà (amitaba). As for Tantra, it is tinged with magic and superstitions.