Celebrations and schedule

Luni-solar calendar (or Yin-Yang calendar)

The Vietnamese are belonged to the Austro-Asian population, and therefore we practice especially lunisolar calendar but this is usually called "lunar calendar".

Product synthetic thought mode, it combined the cycles of the sun and those of the moon. Simplifying, the establishment of this schedule involves three steps:

*/ Specifythe daysof the monthaccording to the lunarcalendarindetermining thesoc-vong days (soc = beginning: the first dayof the month; vong=lift his headto the sky towatch the moon: full moon). The importance of thesetwomilestonesof the timeis still found todayin the peoplewhomade hismonthlydevotionsbothsoc-vong days and, according to the time of the appearanceof the moon andits shape, acquired enough experienceto determineexactlyeach dayof the month.

*/ Specifythe months ofthe year afterthe solar calendarby the determination ofclimatic periods. Firstwinterand summersoltices(ha dongchi andchi,the coldestandthe hottest day, chi =extreme); thenthe equinoxesofspring and autumn; thenthe earlyseasons,is alreadyeightterminals calledtietbeats(the eight climatic periods). Further refining, we get to specify24 days ofclimatechange.The significance of thismilestone in thecourse of a yearhas made themadopt asdatesanddevotionscultural ceremonies, dates that aregraduallyassociated with workschedule(one will make his devotionsduringleisure time) for becomeparties,TET (the word is the deformation oftietword).

*/Operateadjustmentsto reconcilethe solar and lunarcalendarsthemby creatingleap years: almostevery three years, there has one monthsuplémentaire(the solar year to 11days longer thanthe lunar yearandbe precise,we must say thatevery 19solar years, there are 7leap years).

*/ Each zodiacal portion is related to an animal.
The current cycle is as follows:
In 2000: Dragon
In 2001: Snake
In 2002: Horse
In 2003: Goat
In 2004: Monkey
In 2005: Rooster
In 2006: Dog
In 2007: Pig
In 2009: Mouse
In 2010: Buffalo
In 2011: Tiger
In 2012: Cat

*/ Calendar (purely) Solar
Born in the region of Egyptian culture, the Nile Basin, about 3000 BC created, according to legend, by a doctor named Thoth(according to the cycle of the apparent movement of the sun), it set schedule each revolution (called year) 365.25 days.

*/ Calendar (purely) lunar
Born in the Mesopotamian region. According to the revolutions of the moon, a lunar cycle (called one month) lasts 29, 53 days, each lunar year has 354 days, that is to say 11 days shorter than the solar year (the year solar has 12.36 lunarmonths). About every three years the lunar calendar has a month less than solar, and every 36 years, has one year less (and thus, the beginning of the lunar year can be located in any season of the solar calendar.



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