His name, Hanoi, appears for the first time in 1812 and means "city side of the river". There are nearly ten centuries, King Ly Thai To saw a dragon rise above the River. The dream was revealing. The location of the capital was decided, and the name Thang Long (Dragon which takes off). Consultation of astrologers and geomancers gave an urbanism which you can still see the traces.The throne moved, the likes of Haussmann during the French authorities exercised their devastating abilities. But the garden city with lakes still has beautiful remains. Whether royal, commercial or intellectual activities will have their neighborhood.The royal city was divided into 6 areas dedicated to specific activities based on criteria.
The northern sector was devoted to the private life of the king at his leisure, communication with nature in his summer palace on the West Lake (named in reference to the Chinese imperial city of Hangzhou). On the site of the hotel Thang also Loi. It has been the area of religion, particularly with the Tam Quoc pagoda, located on a peninsula of the West Lake, presumably protect against the royal city dangers from the north.
Quan Thanh Temple and Tran Vu, the name of Northern Engineering that floored the fox with nine tails that haunted the area. You can see his statue in bronze. He entered the Vietnamese pantheon as god of war. Truch Bach Lake or Lake Silk White, named in memory of young girls condemned to weave silk in which bordered the palace. It is separated from West Lake by a causeway that supports the street Thanh Nien. At the Centre, the throne, political activity, devoted to the King's public life. The central part of the royal city, which was established the citadel. It was the place of power and authority.There is also the dynastic temples, and it is also no coincidence that the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum was built here.
The One Pillar Pagoda, it was built by the first king of the Ly dynasty. This desperate to have a child had the appearance offered by Quan An (Buddha Bodhisattva) in a lotus flower. Following this revelation he married a peasant who bore him a child. To thank Quan An, he made build this pagoda-shaped lotus flower.
The citadel will be transformed into a fortress by Vauban, as was also the case for many other strongholds by French architects, the Cardinal of Adran entourage who attended Gia Long in his conquest of the throne in the late 18th century
The South was devoted to male and scholar theme, the Temple of Literature civilian mandarins and scholars (the first social category) should be considered as both a place of worship to Confucius, elevated to tutelary genius of that as a great school for train officials or Mandarins, recruited by competition.
It was built in 1070 by Ly Than Tong. It was originally intended to provide education for princes. Expanding thereafter his recruitment, he received three hundred students. Each province had a similar institution albeit dimensions and lesser importance. The winners of the provinces were then admitted to that of Hanoi, to achieve the highest rank mandarin. This institution is said to have influenced the France of the late nineteenth century for its creation of the National School of Administration. In the West, trade with Nature Productions earth, Domaine peasants (2nd social category).
The East, meanwhile was the trade sector between men with its artisans' quarter (third social category) and merchants (fourth social category). It is the District Thirty six guilds. Since the fifteenth century, in this neighborhood, craftsmen and traders have settled, bringing with them the tutelary genius of their village or profession erecting a temple within each grouping Pho each trade. These Pho became streets are named after the trades that settled there or sold or worked material.
This area borders Lake of the Restored Sword became the city center from the French era. The lake's name evokes a legend dating from the fifteenth century, a period when the country was under Chinese administration. A fisherman in his net under it a sword, lives in this celestial phenomenon injunction to lift his people against the occupying Mongol. He managed to suppress the occupier and after the victory, became King Le Loi, the first of the dynasty of the post. At a ceremony on the lake in memory of his revelation, a turtle out of the water to catch the sword and take him into the water.
Large shaded walkways and moving the city center around the Lake of the Restored Sword date from the colonial period. We can not deny some successes, not much damage. Between East and South, on the side of Lake of the Restored Sword, near the Cathedral and the pagoda ambassadors were stationed overseas. It is there that establish the French Quarter. As for the extreme south is the unknown, disease, death aui predominate. The temples are dedicated to the fallen heroes and defeated (as the two Trung sisters), leper colonies, Burials.